Law in their Minds

Type: " 'This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,' declares the LORD. 'I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people' " (Jer.31:33; NIV).

Antitype: Paul says that "in my inner being I delight in God's law" and "I myself in my mind am a slave to God's law" (Ro.7:22,25;NIV).

Keep the Law

Type: The Lord told the "nation" of Israel that upon receiving the spirit that she would "walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My ordinances, and do them" (Ez.36:27).

Antitype: Progressive Dispensationalist Bruce A. Ware sees that this is being fulfilled now by believers, writing that "the superior glory of the new covenant is seen in its transforming power to enable its covenant participants to live increasingly righteous lives throgh the Spirit. In 2 Corinthians 3:18 it is the Spirit who accomplises our transformation into the likeness of Christ, from one degree of glory or another...Empowerment for keeping the law comes by the Spirit" (Blaising & Bock, Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church [Zondervan Publishing, 1992], pp.88-89).


Anderson writes that "As with the parables, so also with the types; intelligence is needed in deducing the spiritual lessons they are meant to teach. In neither case should we force a meaning upon every detail. But the main outlines are always clear" (Anderson, Redemption Truths, Chapter 5).

"Types" do not exactly fit the "antitype" in every single detail. Charles Ryrie correctly understands that the blessings of Israel's New Covenant are not exactly the same as the blessings under today's New Covenant: "Nevertheless, even progressives have to admit that certain of those blessings can only be partially realized today. For instance, the promise of the new covenant 'to remove a heart of rebellion' and give us 'hearts fully compliant' is not fulfilled today in the experience of believers. The progressives' need to qualify the fulfillment as being 'not fully free' from resistance to God's will is not at all similar to the promise of the new covenant (to remove rebellion)" (Ryrie, Dispensationalism [Moody Press, 1995], pp. 170-171).

This explains why Ryrie says that the blesssings under Israel's New Covenant are only "similar to those experienced by the church today" and not the exact same things: "Two of the blessings of the new covenant for Israel in the future are similar to those experienced by the church today..." (Ibid.,p.173).

We can therefore conclude that the blessings promised under Israel's New Covenant more closely resemble a "type" of today's New Covenant than they resemble the "same" exact blessings of today's New Covenant.

V. Conclusion

The experiences of the nation of Israel, beginning with bondage in Egypt unto the entry into the promised land, are "types" of the individual believer today. These types are widely recognized by Biblical scholars today as well as by those from the past. In these types we see an illustration of the Christian's redemption, sanctification and baptism into Christ's death and life.

Therefore it should not surprise anyone that there exist divinely designed types in the OT that illustrate the Christin's born again experience as well as his forgiveness of sins. Those types are found in the prophecies concerning Israel's New Covenant.

The design of these types is exactly the same design of the various types which illustrate Israel's journey from Egypt to the promised land. Even though the types are not exact in every single detail, the broad outline is so clear that one cannot fail to see a typological relationship between Israel's New Covenant and today's.

The typology of Israel's New Covenant answers to today's New Covenant, as Sir Robert Anderson would say, "As exactly as a key fits the lock it is intended to open."